In the context of the National Day of Equal Pay, marked this Friday, 8, the chairman of the Commission for Equality at Work (CITE), Joana Gíria, highlighted in an interview with LUSA that in the last four years Portugal has evolved positively towards the reduction of wage inequalities between men and women. "Especially because with the recovery of the economy the minimum wage has increased and the largest group of people receiving the minimum wage are women, which naturally means that the gap has narrowed," he said. Another factor that contributed to this progress was the “devaluation of men's wages during the crisis period and which has not yet fully resumed”.
However, the president of CITE also pointed to the heterogeneous situation that remains: “With a 14.8% income disparity at the expense of women, on balance, it is 54 days a year that women would have to work extra hard to achieve men's income ”. In addition, there is the problem of professions where women “hardly rise” to managerial positions. Joana Gíria uses as an example the areas of health or education, where women earn lower wages "because society understands that these tasks are naturally easier for her", and her work is undervalued.
With regard to this phenomenon, the president of CITE points out that the country is aware of the problem and has taken measures to counteract the trend by creating quotas in senior positions to be filled by women. According to Joana Gíria, the national and world reality still maintains the male supremacy in leadership positions, which have access to the highest remuneration.
The head of ISCED points out that a low pay gap is not synonymous with equality, using as an example the case of Romania, the European country with the lowest pay gap, at the expense of the lack of female representation in the labor market. Or the opposite is the case in the Nordic countries where men work full time and women do not, generating a substantial pay gap. Eurostat's European statistics say that women will average 16% lower wages than men, a figure that, in the Portuguese case, rises slightly to 16.3%. Slang further clarified that the difference in this figure from the 14.8% of national statistics has to do with the different forms of data collection, since for Eurostat it counts the gross hourly wages of companies with more than 10 employees, while Portugal takes into account the average wages of all companies.
Finally, the president of CITE believes that promoting equal pay and placing women in managerial positions is fundamental, stressing that “one of the best measures achieved so far has been the creation of shared parental leave”.
. (tagsToTranslate) equality (t) salary (t) women (t) portugal (t) gender equality